“Peace has its victories, but it takes brave men and women to win them.”
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Baron De Montesquieu (1689-1755) was an 18th century French philosopher, political thinker and social commentator. He was the first of the great French scholars associated with the Enlightenment a period in which the power of reason was brought to bear against the intolerance of religion and social norms.
His ideas about the separation of powers had an enormous impact and became the basis for the United States Constitution. Despotism he said was a danger for any government and he believed absolute power could be prevented by a system divided among the executive, legislature and a judiciary.
Despite Montesquieu’s belief in the principles of a democracy, he did not feel that all people were equal. He approved of slavery and thought women were weaker than men and had to obey the commands of their husband. (more…)